How Aquapol Works
The Differentiating Elements that makes Aquapol Stand Out
How Aquapol Works - A Laymans Guide
Rising damp is a major concern for home and building owners and constitutes a high percentage of humidity issues in buildings. Left unresolved it can be the cause of structural damage and can significantly reduce the value and the life span of a building. It is also a well-known fact that health risks exist for the occupants of buildings and homes which carry wall moisture.
Aquapol SA installs a rising damp solution that eradicates rising damp from any building made out of brick, stone or other porous materials and keeps the building dry permanently. The system is installed with relative ease by a trained Aquapol engineer and installation can take only a few hours depending on the size of the building. No construction or wall-cutting work is needed.
Once the system is installed it reverses the polarity of the water molecules inside the wall and sends the water back into the ground from whence it came. It uses no batteries or electricity which makes it both ecofriendly and cost-efficient. Because it has no moving parts, it will keep on working for decades on end during which time the building will continue to be free of rising damp and will remain dry even when the damp proof course in the building has perished or is non-existent.
Once installed, two free inspections follow over a three-year period. A detailed report is provided by the technical engineer showing precise comparative measurements from the point of installation through to the complete drying out phase.
Aquapol International was founded in Austria in 1985 by Engineer Wilhelm Mohorn. The Company specializes in the dehydration of buildings and prevention of rising damp. Currently over 50 000 units have been installed worldwide.
Aquapol South Africa (Pty) Ltd came into existence in early 2012 and since then has successfully done over 100 installations.
How Aquapol Resolves Rising Damp
The physical working principle of the AQUAPOL unit
With this eco-friendly system NO cutting into any wall is needed! NO chemical injection of any kind is done! NO maintenance needed!
Aquapol System Construction
Internally the Aquapol device is a smart system of receiving and transmitting antennas, consisting of 3 main parts:
Aquapol Working Principle
To understand how the Aquapol system works, some basic understanding of certain physical phenomena is required. For easier understanding of the key concepts, the explanations in this section have been deliberately kept simple and the complex scientific terminology has been largely omitted.1. Capillary Attraction
Paper, sponge and brickwork have all something in common: they are porous, their structure consists of millions of thin, microscopic channels called capillaries.
Because of physical laws described below, water will rise inside the capillaries; the thinner the capillary the higher water will rise. This is called capillary attraction or capillarity.
Rising damp is water’s natural tendency to rise in the brickwork. To understand why this takes place and how it can be nullified, let’s take a look on how water and building materials interact.
About 90% of Earth’s crust is composed of silicate based minerals consisting mainly of silicon and oxygen. Most building materials — including bricks, cement, sand, quartz, granite, sandstone, clay, glass etc. — are all silicate based. They have a pyramidal crystalline structure, in which the positive silicon atom (Si+) is surrounded by several negative oxygen atoms (O-). As a result silicate surfaces have negative surface charge.
Molecular structure of silicate and water
Water, commonly known as H² O, is a dipole (two-pole) molecule. One end of the water molecule is negative (the O side), while the other end is positive (H² side).
This structural arrangement makes water molecules behave like tiny liquid magnets. They can be easily influenced by external charges and fields.
The Electrical Double Layer
When a charged wall surface comes in contact with the charged water molecules, a specific interaction will take place between them. This will result in the formation of an electrical potential system called the double layer, shown in the figure below.
The double layer is very thin (10nm to 1µm; approximately 100x thinner than human hair) and it consists of two sublayers:
- The surface layer (sublayer 1): consists of the first layer of water molecules in immediate contact with the wall's surface. The negatively (-) charged wall surface will attract the positive (+) hydrogen atoms from the water, rotating all water molecules with their hydrogen ends facing the wall. Because of the strong attraction forces this layer is stationary with no fluid motion.
- The diffuse layer (sublayer 2): consists of several layers of water and salt ions close to the surface, which are still influenced by the wall's attraction forces, however they can migrate slowly upwards.
In addition there is water inside the capillary which flows and behaves normally (Bulk liquid 3).
The electrical double layer between a solid and a liquid.
The Surface Layer is stationary. Water gets pulled up from the Diffuse Layer.
Water will rise inside a capillary because of the electrical attraction between the wall and the double layer.
The strong negative surface charge of the capillary will keep pulling water molecules up from the slowly moving diffuse layer until its attraction force (capillarity) will be nullified by the weight of the lifted water column (gravity.
2. The Aquapol Effect
Every atom in the universe is in motion or vibration. Atoms vibrate at their own natural frequencies. For example the hydrogen atom’s natural vibration frequency (also called resonant frequency) is at 1.42 GHz, these atoms oscillate at over 1 billion times per second.
Because hydrogen is the most abundant element of the universe — about 75% of it — a dim but perceptible “background” native hydrogen vibration is available everywhere.
The internal circuits of the Aquapol device capture this background vibration, amplify it and project it onto the surrounding walls, where it will interact with the hydrogen atoms of the surface layer, causing them to vibrate harder and harder until they break away from the wall.
The Aquapol effect: freeing hydrogen atoms from the Surface Layer will result in repulsion and the cancellation of the capillary forces.
This will happen because of the physical phenomenon called resonance, an oscillation state that only occurs at native frequencies, when small external vibrations (in our case the amplified background vibration) can produce very large vibrations in a structure (in our case the surface layer), to the point of destroying it. Other well-known examples of resonance would be wine glasses being shattered by an external high pitched sound, or soldiers marching through a bridge could set up extreme vibrations in the bridge to the point of collapsing it; that’s why soldiers need to break step when crossing a bridge.
The missing hydrogen atoms will result a minus-minus potential between the negatively charged capillary wall and the negative oxygen atoms of the surface layer. Water will be literally pushed away from the wall, resulting in the nullification of the capillary attraction forces. Under the effect of gravity water can now gradually flow back into the ground and the masonry will gradually become dry.
The Aquapol field will only affect the hydrogen atoms in the surface layer which are subject to heavy electrostatic forces from both directions: these atoms are being literally “pulled apart” by the negative wall surface potential and the negative oxygen atoms.
The Aquapol system will not affect other hydrogen atoms from the bulk water, and has no adverse effect on the human organism.
Recapping the key concepts
- Building materials have a negative surface charge
- Water molecules have 2 poles, a positive and a negative one, and they behave like tiny liquid magnets.
- When water interacts with a building material, an electrical double layer will be formed at the boundary; this creates the capillary attraction.
- The Aquapol system amplifies the hydrogen atoms’ natural vibration.
- This vibration will make the hydrogen atoms of the surface layer resonate till they break away from the wall, resulting in the nullification of the capillary forces. With no capillary attraction present, water will gradually flow back into the ground.